(1) 藻類 (Algae) ︰
Algae are a kind of organisms that can carry out oxygen-producing photosynthesis. The common ones are green algae and cyanobacteria.
(2) 有絲分裂 (Mitotic division)︰
Mitotic division is a process in which eukaryotic cells divide into somatic cells.
(3) 葉綠體 (Chloroplast)︰
Chloroplast is an organelle for photosynthesis.
(4) 二氧化碳 (Carbon dioxide)︰
Carbon dioxide is a part of the atmosphere and a necessary raw material for photosynthesis.
(5) 光合作用 (Photosynthesis)︰
Photosynthesis is the process by which plants absorb light energy and synthesize carbon dioxide and water into organic matter and oxygen.
(1) 脊椎 (Vertebral)︰
The spine protects the spinal cord and is the backbone of biological evolution.
(2) 骨骼 (Skeleton)︰
Bone is a hard organ that makes up the vertebrate bones, the function is to exercise, support and protect the body.
(3) 組織 (Tissue)︰
Tissue consists of many similar morphologically cells and interstitial cells.
(4) 肌肉 (Muscle)︰
Muscle contraction pulls the skeleton and produces joint movement.
(5) 游泳 (Swim)︰
Swimming enables many organisms to move from one place to another.
(6) 捕食 (Predation)︰
Predator means that one creature eats another.
(1) 頜 (Jaw)︰
The jaw promotes the development of organs such as motion and sensation, and promotes the overall evolution of animal system and structure.
(2) 鰭 (Fin)︰
The fins act as propelling, balancing, and guiding in fish and certain other aquatic objects.
(3) 鰓 (Gill)︰
Gills are the respiratory organs of most aquatic animals and are used to absorb dissolved oxygen in water.
(4) 頜骨 (Maxilla)︰
The appearance of maxilla enables vertebrates to hunt actively and efficiently.
(5) 撕咬 (Bite)︰
Energy conversion can be accomplished effectively by biting and catching prey.
(1) 裸蕨植物 (Psilophyton)︰
Psilophyton is short and simple. It is named for its leaflessness.
(2) 擬根莖 (Periderm)︰
The bare fern plants have no true roots, stems and leaves, and only the underground rhizomes.
(3) 假根 (Rhizoid)︰
Rhizoid is born under or at the base of the plant and has a fixed plant body and a weak absorption function.
(4) 維管組織 (Vascular tissue)︰
Vascular tissue is a plant tissue consisting of xylem and phloem that transports water and nutrients.
(5) 維管系統 (Vascular tissue system)︰
The vascular tissue system enables the rapid transport and distribution of moisture, minerals and organic nutrients in plants.
(6) 莖軸 (Caulom)︰
Caulom is the first organ of the original vascular plant and can be used for photosynthesis.
(1) 卵生 (Oviparity)︰
Oviparity refers to the process in which the fertilized eggs of animals grow independently in vitro.
(2) 受精卵 (Zygote)︰
Zygote refers to the single cell formed after the sperm and egg meets. This process is the process of fertilization.
(3) 獨立發育 (Grow independently)︰
The zygote of oviparous animals grow independently outside the maternal body.
(4) 兩棲 (Amphibian)︰
Amphibious means being able to live in water and on land both.
(5) 變溫 (Poikilotherm)︰
Poikilotherm does not have its own mechanism of regulating body temperature, commonly known as a cold-blooded animal.
(1) 真蕨植物 (Pteridophyta)︰
Pteridophyta has distinct differentiation of roots, stems, leaves and complex vascular systems.
(2) 葉 (Leaf)︰
The function of the leaves is to synthesize organic matter for photosynthesis and to have transpiration.
(3) 羽狀複葉 (Pteridophyta)︰
A pinnate compound leaf is leaf-bearing several leaflets on a common petiole or axis.
(4) 根 (Root)︰
The root is the vegetative organ of the plant, responsible for absorbing the moisture in the soil and dissolving the inorganic salts therein.
(5) 莖 (Stems)︰
Stems have the function of transporting nutrients and water and supporting leaves, flowers and fruits in a certain space.
(6) 疏導系統 (Conducting system)︰
Vascular bundles are bundles of different tissues, which constitute complex transport systems in plants.
(1) 裸子植物 (Gymnospermae)︰
Gymnospermae is potential woody plants, mostly uniaxially branched tall trees.
(2) 單軸分枝 (Monopodial branching)︰
Monopodial branching refers to the formation of an erect and strong main stem from the main stem, while the lateral branches at all levels are less developed.
(3) 種子 (Seed)︰
Seeds are formed by pollination and fertilization of ovules and are unique reproductive organs of seed plants.
(4) 胚珠 (Ovule)︰
The ovule is an ovate body in the ovary and is a precursor of the seed. It is a structure that develops into a seed after fertilization.
(5) 木質部 (Xylem)︰
The xylem is responsible for transporting the water absorbed by the roots and the ions dissolved in the water.
(6) 管胞 (Tracheid)︰
The tracheid is the main water delivery mechanism for gymnosperms.
侏羅紀早期 (Early Jurassic)︰
(1) 肺 (Lung)︰
The lungs act as a respiratory organ to enable the quadruped to survive on land for a long time.
(2) 呼吸 (Respiration)︰
Respiration is the process of gas exchange between the body and the environment.
(3) 氣體交換 (Gas exchange)︰
Gas exchange refers to the exchange of oxygen inhaled and carbon dioxide exhaled in the body.
(4) 肺泡 (Alveolus)︰
The alveoli are the main sites of air exchange in the lungs.
(5) 氣囊 (Air sac)︰
Air sacs were a type of breathing organ in birds, and some sauropod dinosaurs also had air sacs in their bodies.
侏羅紀晚期 (Late Jurassic)︰
(1) 四肢 (Four Limbs)︰
Four limbs are derived from the fins, which marks the life walk to the land.
(2) 鱗片 (Scale armour)︰
Scales armour are hard, lamellar structures derived from the surface of the skin of some animals and have protective effects.
(3) 爬行 (Crawl)︰
Reptiles are not constant in body temperature, they are the variable temperature vertebrates that really adapt to terrestrial life.
(4) 羊膜 (Aminon)︰
Amnion is a membrane in which monolayer epithelial cells are connected to each other.
(5) 冬眠 (Hibernation)︰
Hibernation is an adaptation of animals to the adverse external environmental conditions in winter.
白堊紀早期 (Early Cretaceous)︰
(1) 鳥臀 (Ornithischia)︰
Ornithischia is a kind of herbivorous dinosaur with beak, which has a pelvic structure similar to birds.
(2) 骨盆四射型 (Pelvic four-shot shape)︰
The waist and pelvic of the Ornithischia looks like four-shot shape from the side, and the intestinal bones are greatly expanded both front and back.
(3) 四足步態 (Four gait)︰
Except for some early groups, ornithisaurs walked on all fours and ate plants.
(4) 防禦結構 (Defensive structure)︰
Bird-buttock dinosaurs developed a variety of defensive structures to defend themselves against the attacks of carnivorous dinosaurs.
(5) 植食性 (Herbivory)︰
Herbivory refers to the phenomenon in which animals feed on plants.
(6) 喙 (Beak)︰
Most bird-buttock dinosaurs have beaks that allow them to rip through plants.
白堊紀中期 (Middle Cretaceous)︰
(1) 蜥臀 (Saurischia)︰
The Waist of the Saurischia looks as triradial shap form the side, which has a pelvic structure similar to lizard.
(2) 骨盆三射型 (Pelvic three-shot shape)︰
The waist and pelvic of the Scuischia looks like three-shot shape from the side, and the humerus extends backward.
(3) 獸腳 (Theropoda)︰
Theropods were mostly carnivorous dinosaurs that walked on two legs and had sharp claws on their toes.
(4) 蜥腳 (Sauropoda)︰
A large, vegetarian, four-footed sauropod with spoonlike teeth and a long neck and tail.
(5) 肉食性 (Carnivory)︰
Carnivory refers to the phenomenon that animals feed on meat.
白堊紀晚期 (Late Cretaceous)︰
(1) 被子植物 (Angiospermae)︰
Angiospermae have the largest variety, the widest distribution, and the strongest adaptability, also known as flowering plants.
(2) 雙受精 (Double fertilization)︰
After the double fertilization of the angiosperm, the zygote develops into an embryo, and the central cell develops into an endosperm.
(3) 雌蕊 (Gynoecium)︰
After pollen grains land on the stigma, a pollen tube grows from the pollen grain, through the style, and into the ovary. After fertilization occurs, each ovule develops into a seed.
(4) 雄蕊 (Androecium)︰
Androecium is the male genital organ of angiosperm flowers, which can produce pollen.
(5) 花冠 (Corolla)︰
The corolla protects the internal structure of the flower before it opens and invites insects to pollinate after it opens.
(6) 花萼 (Calyx)︰
Calyx wraps outside the bud to protect it.
(1) 哺乳 (Mammal)︰
Mammals are vertebrates with hairs all over the body, fast movement, constant temperature and diaphragm.
(2) 恆溫 (Thermostatic)︰
Thermostatic animals can keep their body temperature relatively stable when the ambient temperature changes.
(3) 胎生 (Viviparous)︰
Viviparous is the process by which a zygote of an animal matures and is produced in the uterus of a female animal.
(4) 神經系統 (Nervous system)︰
The nervous system is a system that plays a leading role in regulating physiological activities in the body.
(5) 適應環境 (Environmentalaspect)︰
When the crustal movement intensified at the end of the Mesozoic and the environment changed significantly, mammals showed a strong ability to compete.
資料來源︰生命簡史 古生物放置 遊戲的資料